http:\/\/gty.im\/108270498\r\nIn June 2014, Los Angeles Superior Court Judge Rolf Treu issued a historic ruling in Vergara vs. State of California. Treu threw out six laws protecting teachers\u2019 job rights on the constitutional grounds that they had created an educational system that was fundamentally unequal and hostile to minority students. He cited evidence that the laws had resulted in school districts clustering the teachers with the worst records and most problems in schools in the poorest communities \u2013 a finding that he wrote \u201cshocks the conscience.\u201d\r\nPeople can quarrel with the breadth of Treu\u2019s claims. They can argue that reformers are too quick to fault teachers and absolve parents and students for unpreparedness and lack of discipline.\r\nBut on one of the core laws Treu cited \u2013 the granting of lifetime job protections through tenure after just 18 months on the job \u2013 a reasoned defense is not possible. In the trial, the plaintiffs offered ample evidence that the \u201cprocess for dismissing a single ineffective teacher involves a borderline infinite number of steps, requires years of documentation, costs hundreds of thousands of dollars and still, rarely ever works.\u201d In a typical year, only two of California\u2019s 275,000 teachers are fired for unsatisfactory performance.\r\nSee original article for more information.